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What is hibernate configuration file?

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posted Oct 9 by Sourav Kumar

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1 Answer

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The Hibernate framework uses the hibernate.cfg.xml and other optional files for configuring the ORM runtime.

This article is discussing about the configuration files of Hibernate.

Following is the list of configuration files in Hibernate based project:

hibernate.cfg.xml: This file is currently used by the developers for providing ORM related configuration.

hibernate.properties: In the older version of Hibernate this file was used for configuring ORM parameters. But now a days developers are using hibernate.cfg.xml file.

.xml: This file is used to map the POJO class with the table and it's field. After introduction of JPA annotations developers are rarely using this file.

Hibernate configuration file hibernate.cfg.xml

The hibernate.cfg.xml is xml file used to provide the variables necessary for configuring the Hibernate ORM runtime. In most of the cases the default value is ok for a general project. The things you will have to change is the dialect, database url, database username and database password.

Here is a simple example of the file hibernate.cfg.xml:

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD//EN"
"http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">

<hibernate-configuration>
<session-factory>
<property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.url">
jdbc:mysql://localhost/hibernatetutorial</property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.password"></property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.pool_size">10</property>
<property name="show_sql">true</property>
<property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
<property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>
<!-- Mapping files -->
<mapping resource="contact.hbm.xml"/>
</session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>

Here are the important properties of the file:

hibernate.connection.driver_class - The JDBC Driver class

hibernate.connection.url - Database URL

hibernate.connection.username - Database user name

hibernate.connection.password - Password to connect to database

hibernate.connection.pool_size - Default connection pool size

show_sql - If it is true it will show all the sql generated by Hibernate

dialect - Database dialect

The hibernate.cfg.xml should present in the class-path of the project.

answer Oct 11 by Manikandan J
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